New Challenges & the Highway Forward

Image from Status of Tiger Report :2022

India could boast an increase in its tiger numbers and is a motive to rejoice, the state of affairs of the tiger habitat from one nook of the nation to a different is alarming. Although the Tiger Standing report 2022 launched by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi  quoted  the  determine of a minimal variety of 3167  tigers ( up from 2976 in 2018 ), it additionally expressed concern over native extinction of tigers in some areas. There’s a lower in tiger numbers throughout the WesternGhats and it certainly is a matter of concern. No media has highlighted these points talked about in the identical report. Tigers are rising, so is the human inhabitants and the stress on the forests . If the jungle corridors will not be protected, we’re headed in a route when the tigers could be confined to small remoted patches of forests.  

On Native Extinction Of Tigers & Reducing Numbers In Western Ghats

Image from Status of Tiger report:2022

Dwelling intimately from one tiger panorama to a different, the Tiger Standing report raised the native tiger extinction subject. In Central Indian Highlands and Japanese Ghats Panorama ( largest  tiger  area with Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand ,Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Odisha) , the report mentioned , “it’s essential to document that the native tiger inhabitants has change into extinct in a number of areas, Sri Venkateswara Nationwide Park, together with Tiger Reserves like Kawal, Satkosia and Sahyadri. Whereas the enlargement of tiger habitats is a constructive improvement, there’s a want to concentrate and act rapidly in these areas to reverse the pattern of extinction of small populations and keep away from damaging human-tiger interactions. Severe conservation efforts are wanted to assist tiger inhabitants restoration in Jharkhand, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh. 

Additionally learn: Rising Tiger Numbers Midst Shrinking Forest Cowl Makes No Sense

In regards to the Western Ghats , it mentioned the Nilgiri cluster is residence to the world’s largest tiger inhabitants, however latest knowledge reveals a lower in tiger occupancy all through the Western Ghats, besides in just a few areas like Kali (Anshi Dandeli). Whereas tiger populations inside protected areas have both remained steady or elevated, tiger occupancy exterior of those areas has considerably decreased in areas, such because the Wayanad panorama, BRT Hills, and the border areas of Goa and Karnataka. The Mookambika-Sharavathi-Sirsi panorama and Bhadra have additionally skilled a considerable decline in tiger occupancy. Past the protected space border of Anamalai-Parambikulam advanced, a lower in tiger occupancy was additionally noticed. Though tiger populations within the Periyar panorama have remained steady, tiger occupancy exterior of Periyar has decreased.  Native extinctions of tiger populations have been observed in Sirsi, Kanyakumari, and Srivilliputhur. Within the fragile Shivalik Hills and Gangetic Plains Panorama, linear infrastructure tasks within the congested hall between western and japanese  elements of Rajaji  tiger reserve have left the realm functionally extinct for giant carnivores and elephant motion, and the adoption of inexperienced infrastructure is required to get well the tiger inhabitants on this fragmented panorama.

Additionally learn: Govt Pushes Railway Mission: Western Ghats, Tiger &  Elephant Corridors Beneath Menace

The North East area of India continues, face a number of threats equivalent to habitat loss, poaching, and human-wildlife battle, which necessitate elevated conservation efforts. The area is residence to a number of tiger populations, and though varied Tiger Reserves have been established, solely Kaziranga and Manas have sizable tiger populations. Tiger populations proceed to be threatened, and extra measures must be carried out to deal with these threats, together with fortifying protected space administration, intensifying anti-poaching measures, involving native communities to wean away from conventional looking practices and tackling the underlying causes for human-wildlife battle.

 Mission Tiger Success Midst Challenges

Tiger in Bandhavgarh

The discharge of the report coincided with the completion of the 50 superb years of the Mission Tiger. The half a century marketing campaign has  not solely efficiently restored the  tigers in India it has additionally  strengthened the of tiger   reserve community –  9 tiger reserves unfold over 18,278 sq km on April 1, 1973 to 53  reserves throughout over 75000 sq km space.  However 50 years later, many tiger reserves in India   are underneath super stress and have already touched or crossed its tiger carrying capability resulting in territorial fights among the many massive and man animal battle  because of the spillover of the  feline  numbers exterior the parks. This additionally results in   tiger deaths. The realm of a tiger reserve can’t be elevated and a tiger has to maneuver out to create a brand new territory to outlive. And the second a tiger steps out of a protected space, it turns into extraordinarily susceptible when it wanders  the fragmented jungle corridors with heavy human presence . 

With flourishing unlawful worldwide illegal-trade of tiger physique elements, a tiger is all the time a treasured commodity for poachers. If it nonetheless survives, a rushing truck or prepare could run over the animal. Then the increasing coal mines and different unlawful mining actions have additionally threatened the tiger and its habitat. Tiger motion within the open forests additionally results in man -tiger battle, a phenomenon rising alarmingly in lots of elements of India. A report launched by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and  United Nationwide Surroundings Programme (UNEP) in 2021 revealed that as many as 35 % of India’s tiger ranges are exterior protected areas and human-animal battle impacts over 75 per cent of the world’s wild cat species. The report “A Future for All – A Necessity for Human-Wildlife Coexistence”, examined rising human-wildlife conflicts. A report of Dehradun based mostly Wildlife Institute of India (WII) had additionally portrayed an analogous image in 2015. To make sure the long-term survival of tigers in India,  the Standing Report additionally advisable a multi-faceted method together with defending and increasing tiger habitats, preserving inhabitants connectivity, minimizing human-tiger conflicts, and combating threats like habitat loss, poaching, and unlawful commerce. It’s vital to revive habitats, improve ungulate populations, and plan reintroduction of tigers in low density areas to deal with battle points.

The Highway Forward

Tiger in Bandhavgarh tiger reserve

After 50 years of the grand success of Mission Tiger ,India must have a relook at this nice conservation programme for the long-lasting cat.  This has change into all of the extra vital in view of local weather change. Addressing the difficulty of Local weather Change, the Tiger Standing report 2022 recommends Tiger Reserve Community (TRN) huge actions .It recommends evaluation of carbon sequestration potential of TRN and implementation of actions to advertise carbon – neutrality, improvement and Implementation of Habitat Enhancement Plan with a deal with Invasive Alien Species development because of  local weather change . As a growing nation, we additionally have to strike a steadiness between economics and surroundings.


 When the Mission Tiger was launched, it additionally geared toward making certain a viable inhabitants of the Bengal tiger in its pure habitats and “preserving areas of organic significance as a pure heritage that signify the range of ecosystems throughout the tiger’s vary within the nation”.  The duty drive behind the Mission additionally envisioned the tiger reserves as “breeding nuclei”, from which surplus animals would migrate to adjoining forests. “Funds and dedication have been mustered to help the intensive program of habitat safety”, reminisces a former officer of Indian Forest Service.  Fifty years later, it is the best time to  overview and   take inventory of the  conservation work in earnest.  Can we do a repeat of Mission Tiger to safeguard our forest wealth within the occasions of World Warming when  survival of forest and tiger  is  correlated with the survival of mankind.

By Deshdeep Saxena 

Cowl Picture  and the second  image from the Standing of Tigers in India:2022 report.Credit score within the photographs .The final two photographs from Jittu Bandhavgarh

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