Episode 404: Widespread Dinosaur Misconceptions

Episode 404: Widespread Dinosaur Misconceptions

Episode 404: Widespread Dinosaur Misconceptions. We appropriate quite a lot of the widespread dinosaurs errors in films, TV reveals, toys, video games, and artwork.

You’ll be able to take heed to our free podcast, with all our episodes, on Apple Podcasts at:

Hyperlinks we talked about on this episode:

  • The Pure Historical past Museum in London takes on some dinosaur inaccuracies supply
  • BBC tackle why film dinosaurs are sometimes inaccurate supply
  • Alex Hasting’s analysis on dinosaurs in comedian books supply
  • 32 dinosaur films, documentaries, and TV reveals we’ve watched not too long ago (they’re not all winners) supply
  • The Doodling Dino reimagines a extra lifelike model of Arlo from The Good Dinosaur supply
  • An index of paleoartists by Love within the Time of Chasmosaurs supply



The dinosaur of the day: Chirostenotes

  • Oviraptorosaur that lived within the Late Cretaceous in what’s now Alberta, Canada
  • Appeared just like Oviraptor, walked on two legs, had an extended neck and tail, and a crest on the pinnacle
  • Estimated to be round 8.2 to eight.5 ft (2.5 to 2.6 m) lengthy
  • Gregory Paul estimated it weighed 220 lb (100 kg)
  • Molina-Pérez and Larramendi estimated it weighed 88 lb (40 kg)
  • Had a beak
  • Most likely an omnivore or herbivore
  • Had lengthy, highly effective legs and slender toes
  • Chirostenotes had lengthy arms, slender, comparatively straight claws
  • Could have gone for soft-bodied prey and impaled and hook them with the second claw, which was unusually straight (grub, amphibians, reptiles, mammals)
  • However, if Chirostenotes had giant feathers on the finger, which has been present in different oviraptorosaurs, it wouldn’t be capable to use it to impale
  • Sort species is Chirostenotes pergracilis
  • First fossils present in 1914 by George Sternberg (pair of fingers)
  • Lawrence Lambe studied the fossils however died earlier than naming them
  • Charles Whitney Gilmore named Chirostenotes in 1924 (identify got here from Lambe’s notes)
  • Genus identify means “slim handed”
  • Species identify means “all through gracile”
  • One other specimen discovered, that features a set of jaws with tooth, however later was renamed to Richardoestesia (a dromaeosaur)
  • Chirostenotes didn’t have tooth
  • Different fossils discovered that had been later referred to Chirostenotes (consists of toes discovered, that had been initially considered Macrophalangia, decrease jaws considered Caenagnathus)
  • Edwin Colbert and Dale Russell urged in 1969 that Chirostenotes and Macrophalangia had been synonymous
  • Caenagnathus was discovered to be an oviraptorosaur (initially considered a hen), after the oviraptorid Elmisaurus was described by Osmólska in 1981 (present in Mongolia)
  • In 1988, Phil Currie and Dale Russell studied a specimen present in storage in 1923, which helped hyperlink all of the fossils discovered. They had been all thought-about to be Chirostenotes
  • In 1971, Joël Cracraft named a second species of Caenagnathus (nonetheless thought it was a hen)
  • Russell and Currie urged this species was a extra gracile, smaller species, and named it a second species of Elmisaurus, as Elmisaurus elegans
  • Hans-Dieter Sues renamed Elmisaurus elegans to Chirostenotes elegans in 1997, however then it grew to become Leptorhynchos in 2013
  • However later research discovered Chirostenotes and Caenagnathus to be distinct from one another
  • Different dinosaurs that was once thought-about to be Chirostenotes embody Epichirostenotes and Anzu
  • Funston and Currie in 2019 described newly discovered Chirostenotes fossils, together with jaws, vertebrae, and elements of the hindlimb
  • Bruce Rothschild and others in 2001 studied stress fractures in theropods and located that out of 17 Chirostenotes foot bones, just one had stress fractures
  • Different dinosaurs that lived across the similar time and place embody ankylosaurs, ceratopsians, hadrosaurs, theropods
  • Different animals that lived across the similar time and place embody amphibians, crocodilians, lizards, fish, plesiosaurs, mammals

Enjoyable Truth:

After the novel Jurassic Park was launched in 1990, a flood of dinosaur films began that also continues over 30 years later.

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