A Second Hen Flu Case Confirmed In Human In The US

A human case of avian influenza, generally generally known as chicken flu, has been detected in Texas, following publicity to dairy cattle believed to be carriers of the virus. This announcement follows latest studies from federal companies indicating the presence of the virus in dairy herds throughout a number of states, together with Texas.

The Texas Division of State Well being Providers reported that the affected person exhibited just one symptom, irritation of the attention. The unnamed affected person underwent testing on the finish of final week, with the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention confirming the prognosis over the next weekend. The affected person is presently receiving remedy with oseltamivir, an antiviral treatment efficient towards varied influenza strains, together with influenza A, B, and swine flu.

Picture/Story Supply Credit score: KENS 5 Information through YouTube Video

Dr. Céline Gounder, a medical contributor for CBS Information and public well being editor-at-large at KFF Well being Information, highlighted the delicate nature of this case on “CBS Mornings” Tuesday, noting that the an infection was restricted to conjunctivitis, often known as pink eye. That is vital as a result of the an infection is just not within the respiratory system, lowering the chance of transmission between people.

Officers in Texas have famous that human instances of H5N1, the pressure of chicken flu in query, can vary from delicate signs like eye infections and respiratory points to extra extreme outcomes akin to pneumonia and loss of life.

In keeping with the CDC, this marks solely the second occasion of human chicken flu an infection within the U.S. The virus predominantly impacts wild birds however can unfold to home species. The present outbreak has resulted within the deaths of tens of millions of birds worldwide and has additionally affected different mammal populations, together with sea lions, seals, and a polar bear.

Dairy cattle are the most recent animal group to contract a pressure of the virus, with confirmed instances in Texas, Kansas, and Michigan. That is the primary time dairy cattle within the U.S. have been affected by this particular an infection.

Picture/Story Supply Credit score: KENS 5 Information through YouTube Video

Regardless of the transmission to a human, the Texas well being division maintains that the unfold of chicken flu from individual to individual stays “extraordinarily uncommon.” The virus has not mutated in a means that will increase its transmissibility amongst people. The division is advising affected dairies on protecting measures for employees and inspiring these in touch with contaminated cattle to observe for flu-like signs and search testing.

Dr. Gounder reassured the general public that there isn’t a trigger for concern for the common individual, until they’ve had direct contact with contaminated birds or cattle or with somebody who has contracted the virus.

The earlier U.S. case of chicken flu occurred in Colorado in 2022, the place a person concerned within the slaughter of presumed contaminated poultry skilled fatigue however recovered after isolation and remedy with oseltamivir.

Human infections can happen when a ample quantity of the virus enters an individual’s eyes, nostril, mouth, or is inhaled. These with shut or extended unprotected contact with contaminated birds or contaminated areas are at larger danger.

Well being alerts to clinicians have indicated that signs of chicken flu in people are much like these of typical flu, together with fever, cough, sore throat, and fatigue, with the distinctive addition of eye redness or conjunctivitis. Extreme instances can result in pneumonia, respiratory failure, and loss of life.

Authorities emphasize that the chance to most of the people is low and advocate good hygiene practices to forestall the unfold of the virus. In addition they advise towards consuming uncooked, unpasteurized milk, as it could possibly pose well being dangers even with out chicken flu contamination. Milk offered in shops is pasteurized and protected to drink.

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