- Cat

Ought to Cats Be Indoor or Out of doors Pets? Professionals, Cons & Security Ideas

Final Up to date on: February 27, 2023 by Crystal Uys

bengal cat walking on plank outdoor

Whereas we could love our cats, many people additionally acknowledge that dwelling with them might be difficult. Not solely do you have got the mess and scent of litter bins in your own home, however cats additionally shed, scratch furnishings, and generally pee in inappropriate areas. In case your cat has developed unhealthy habits, you’ve in all probability been tempted to make them an outside pet.

Many cat house owners wrestle with whether or not cats ought to be indoor or out of doors pets. In my very own life, I’ve owned totally indoor cats, out of doors cats, and indoor-outdoor cats, so I’m additionally aware of this dilemma. On this article, we’ll have a look at the arguments for and towards cats dwelling outside, in addition to what specialists and researchers say on the subject.

Causes House owners Maintain Cats as Out of doors Pets

Veterinary specialists and researchers agree that uncontrolled out of doors entry is harmful for cats and suggest they be saved indoors. We’ll go into the reasoning behind this advice later on this article, however many house owners proceed to let their cats exterior regardless of the dangers.

In some instances, house owners could fear that retaining cats inside is merciless and prevents them from utilizing their instincts and expertise as predators. Others could imagine their cat will get extra train and keep at a wholesome weight extra simply in the event that they’re allowed exterior. One other frequent cause cats transition to out of doors pets is persistent behavioral issues reminiscent of urine marking or aggression.

Typically, house owners will undertake or assume the care of a cat that has already lived outside for years. For instance, you determine to meet a lifelong dream of proudly owning property within the nation solely to search out that your new buy comes full with a number of barn cats. In these cases, house owners could really feel that the out of doors cat will wrestle to transition to life indoors and select to not drive the problem.

tabby cat hunting ourtdoor
Picture Credit score: VeleMarinkovic, Pixabay

What the Analysis and Consultants Say

The Humane Society and veterinarians agree that retaining cats indoors is the most secure choice. On common, indoor cats reside as many as 10 years longer than exterior cats. Cats with uncontrolled out of doors entry not solely face many risks, however they will additionally pose a risk to the atmosphere and a nuisance to people.

Personally, I spent a few years working as a veterinary nurse and witnessed firsthand the traumatic actuality of life for a lot of out of doors cats. Whereas dwelling in a rural space, our household misplaced two out of doors cats to mysterious circumstances. They simply by no means got here residence. Listed here are among the risks cats who reside as out of doors pets could encounter or trigger:

Automobile Accidents

The largest risk to an outside cat could also be automobiles, even when you reside in a rural space. Analysis exhibits that automotive accidents are a number one reason behind demise and damage for out of doors cats worldwide.


Out of doors cats are way more prone to catching harmful ailments like feline leukemia virus (FeLV,) rabies, or feline distemper. Even vaccinated cats aren’t at all times secure, particularly from FeLV. Cats usually decide up these ailments by combating with different cats, which is a conduct that carries a further threat of damage and an infection.


Out of doors cats usually tend to be infested with parasites like fleas and ticks, which might additionally carry ailments or result in harmful blood loss. They’ll decide up inner parasites like worms extra simply exterior and, in flip, cross them to different cats and even folks.

cat with tick
Picture Credit score: anastasiya parfenyuk, Shutterstock


Cats could also be environment friendly predators, however that doesn’t imply they gained’t function prey too. Neighborhood canines are a continuing risk, and out of doors cats in dense city areas (like Los Angeles, the place I presently reside with completely indoor cats) could fall sufferer to coyotes or mountain lions.


Out of doors cats could encounter quite a lot of toxic substances whereas wandering free. Antifreeze, poisonous vegetation, or rat poison are all frequent threats to roaming cats. There’s additionally the chance that out of doors cats could also be intentionally poisoned by people who discover them a nuisance.

People with Unhealthy Intentions

Sadly, out of doors cats can simply be a nuisance to the people round them. Nighttime vocalizing and combating usually happen. Cats may additionally stalk chickens, out of doors pet rabbits, or different owned prey. And, after all, there’s the problem of out of doors cats utilizing yards and gardens as litter bins, elevating the chance of people turning into contaminated with parasites like Toxoplasmosis or roundworms.

Fed-up people could take it upon themselves to cope with nuisance cats, with unhealthy outcomes for the kitty.

Cat meowing
Picture Credit score: JackieLou DL, Pixabay

Getting Misplaced

Even when you attempt to take precautions like microchipping your cat, there’s nonetheless a big threat that out of doors cats might get misplaced and never come residence. Many of the cats who find yourself in animal shelters are picked up as strays. As soon as in shelters, cats are statistically far much less possible than canines to search out their method again to their house owners.

Risk to Birds and Wildlife

Out of doors cats, owned or stray, pose a big risk to birds and wildlife. Globally, cats have contributed to the extinction of total species. In keeping with estimates, out of doors cats in the USA kill billions of birds and wildlife every year. They could additionally compete with different predators for these meals sources, inflicting hurt to their populations.

cat hunting bird
Picture Credit score: Kuttelvaserova Stuchelova, Shutterstock

Methods to Maintain Out of doors Cats Safer

In case your cat lives exterior not less than a part of the time, listed here are some steps you’ll be able to take to maintain them and native wildlife safer. First and probably most significantly, hold your out of doors cat confined at night time. The night time is probably the most harmful time in your cat, and retaining them someplace behind closed doorways at the hours of darkness is the most secure choice.

Microchip your cat and hold your contact info updated within the database. Put a cat-safe collar and ID tag in your cat for an additional layer of safety. Including a bell to the collar may also help warn birds and wildlife of your cat’s strategy and hold them secure.

Deal with your out of doors cat with a month-to-month parasite preventative that’s efficient towards fleas, ticks, and inner worms. Take them to the vet not less than annually for an examination and all really helpful vaccines. Out of doors cats usually want extra pictures than indoor ones due to their larger publicity degree.

If potential, solely permit your cat supervised entry to the outside, reminiscent of leash walks or playtime in a “catio.” You would additionally use cat-safe fencing to maintain your cat within the yard and most predators out.

cat owner walking bengal cat
Picture Credit score: Amerigo_images, Shutterstock

Methods to Maintain Indoor Cats Entertained

For those who’re nervous your cat will probably be bored, lazy, or acquire weight if it may possibly’t go exterior, there are methods to maintain your pet entertained and slim safely.

Present your cat with numerous toys, particularly those who encourage pure behaviors like stalking and searching. Actively play together with your cat every day to supply additional stimulation and construct a bond between you.

Maintain your cat’s indoor atmosphere attention-grabbing by offering vertical play areas like cat bushes, towers, or cabinets. Give them lounging areas close to home windows to allow them to see exterior and be safely entertained by birds and wildlife.

Rigorously monitor your cat’s caloric consumption to make sure it’s applicable for its dimension, age, and exercise degree. Your vet may also help you identify this quantity, in addition to enable you to calculate how a lot to feed your cat.


Whereas retaining your cat as an indoor pet is the most secure and really helpful choice, the fact is that’s not at all times potential, and a few cat house owners can’t or gained’t comply with this recommendation. For those who should let your cat exterior, comply with our tricks to hold them as secure as potential. Indoor cats don’t have to guide boring, unathletic lives, however retaining them entertained could take extra effort from their house owners. In case your cat begins misbehaving, see your veterinarian for assist and recommendation earlier than giving up and turning them into an outside pet.

Featured Picture Credit score: Seregraff, Shutterstock

Concerning the writer

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *