BY DR. ALYCIA WASHINGTON, DVM, MS
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Adopting from an unbiased rescue group or an animal shelter is an effective way to supply a loving house for a canine in want. Many of those canine, nevertheless, have a patchy and even unknown historical past of veterinary care. This will put them in danger for some frequent points, however fortunately, they’re all simply addressed.
Many unbiased organizations have the assets to deal with these well being issues earlier than or after adoption. Metropolis or county shelters, then again, could not be capable to make investments as a lot in every particular person canine up for adoption due to the sheer variety of animals they deal with. If you happen to’re desirous about adopting a canine from a shelter (and you need to), it’s a good suggestion to pay attention to these frequent, and very treatable, well being points.
Fleas are exterior parasites generally discovered on stray canine. They’re simply recognized by totally inspecting a canine’s coat and parting the fur to show dwell fleas or flea droppings. Canine with extreme flea infestation or flea allergy dermatitis shall be tremendous itchy and should develop pores and skin irritation and patches of skinny fur, particularly on their backs, rumps, and thighs.
Remedy for fleas includes killing the dwell grownup fleas with a soapy tub and presumably treatment, in addition to utilizing a flea preventative. Eliminating a flea infestation in a house or shelter is an entire ache within the butt, so catching and treating fleas as quickly as attainable is significant. Most shelters and rescue organizations will deal with fleas and begin canine on flea preventatives earlier than adoption, nevertheless it’s necessary to proceed the therapy after your pet comes house as properly.
Heartworms are inner parasites which can be unfold by mosquitoes and harm a canine’s coronary heart, lungs, and blood vessels over time. Heartworm signs embrace coughing, train intolerance, and weight reduction. Early on, canine with heartworms could not show any signs, so many organizations make heartworm testing a part of their well being screening protocol previous to adoption.
Heartworm therapy is a prolonged course of, usually lasting a number of months. Remedy could contain a mixture of antibiotics, steroids, Immiticide (an injectable treatment that kills grownup heartworms), and heartworm preventatives. Throughout therapy, canine should be monitored carefully and usually shouldn’t participate in strenuous actions. As a result of full therapy takes some time, some canine are adopted earlier than it’s full. Canine mother and father who undertake a pup in the midst of therapy ought to talk with the adoption group and their veterinarian to ensure they’re clear on the plan.
Alycia Washington, DVM, is a small animal emergency veterinarian primarily based in North Carolina. She works as a reduction veterinarian and supplies companies to quite a few emergency and specialty hospitals. Dr. Washington can also be a youngsters’s e-book writer and freelance author with a deal with veterinary drugs. She has a particular fondness for turtles, honey bees, and penguins — none of which she treats. In her free time, Dr. Washington enjoys journey, good meals, and ok espresso.