- Dinosaur

Episode 442: Dinosaur devices in Prehistoric Planet

Episode 442: Dinosaur devices in Prehistoric Planet. Anže Rozman and Kara Talve, be a part of from Bleeding Fingers Music. They together with Oscar-winning composer Hans Zimmer created the soundscape for Prehistoric Planet.


  • There’s a brand new pachycephalosaur dinosaur, Platytholus clemensi supply
  • A brand new silesaur exhibits that they weren’t smaller than different dinosauromorphs supply


Anže Rozman and Kara Talve, two of the composers from the collective at Bleeding Fingers Music. They together with Oscar-winning composer Hans Zimmer lately created the soundscape for Apple TV+ and BBC’s Prehistoric Planet. They gained their class within the Hollywood Music in Media Awards and have been nominated for different awards as properly. They created a number of devices for the present together with the Fats Rex, Hadro Cello, Triserachord, Raptor Violin, and Petrified Wooden Xylyophone (proven beneath).


The dinosaur of the day: Zalmoxes

  • Rhabdodontid ornithopod that lived within the Late Cretaceous in what’s now Romania (Hateg Basin)
  • Rhabdodontids have been ornithopods that lived within the Late Cretaceous in what’s now Europe, when Europe was a sequence of islands
  • Appeared like a typical ornithopod, sort of like Iguanodon however smaller. Walked on two legs, had lengthy arms, an extended tail, an elongated cranium
  • Had a big triangular head and a beak
  • Herbivorous, and will have eaten robust crops like horsetails and ferns
  • Two species: Zalmoxes robustus and Zalmoxes shqiperorum
  • Sort species is Zalmoxes robustus
  • Zalmoxes subadults discovered on Hateg Island, that vary from 6.6 to 7.9 ft (2 to 2.4 m) lengthy
  • Zalmoxes shqiperorum was stockier and bigger
  • Zalmoxes shqiperorum is bigger, with one subadult discovered that’s 8.2 ft (2.5 m) lengthy
  • One juvenile Zalmoxes is 9.5 ft (2.9 m) lengthy
  • As a result of it’s a Hateg dinosaur, has been regarded as a dwarf dinosaur, however not everybody agrees
  • In 2009, Zoltan Csiki and others questioned whether or not the Hateg dinosaurs have been actually dwarfs
  • Did histology on lengthy bones of Zalmoxes specimens
  • Discovered 13 progress marks (LAGs) in a Zalmoxes robustus and seven in a Zalmoxes shqiperorum, so that they weren’t juveniles
  • Nonetheless, additionally discovered the specimens have been nonetheless actively rising once they died, so we haven’t but discovered a totally grown Zalmoxes
  • Discovered Zalmoxes had a gradual progress price
  • In 2012, Attila Osi and others described a rhabdodontid, the oldest recognized one by 15 million years, that lived within the Late Cretaceous in what’s now Hungary
  • Assigned it to Mochlodon vorosi
  • Did histology and in contrast it to Zalmoxes, and this specimen of Mochlodon helps present Zalmoxes was not a dwarf dinosaur
  • Discovered that the ancestral rhabdodontid had a femur lengths of 298–339 mm, which is shut in dimension to the femur of Zalmoxes (which ranged from 320 to 333 mm)
  • Each Mochlodon and Zalmoxes lived on islands, nevertheless Mochlodon was even smaller
  • Mochlodon specimens which might be about 3.9 to five.9 ft (1.2 to 1.8 m) lengthy have options that point out they’re adults. Nonetheless, late juvenile Zalmoxes specimens are about 6.5 ft (2 m) lengthy
  • In 2017, Steve Brusatte and others described quite a lot of new Zalmoxes specimens
  • Has been present in a number of areas, or localities, of the Hateg Basin
  • Each species lived alongside one another
  • Extra specimens have been discovered over time, and Zalmoxes is now probably the most frequent dinosaurs discovered on Hateg Island
  • About 80% of the cranium of Zalmoxes robustus is understood
  • A lot of the skeleton has been discovered
  • A minimum of 22 Zalmoxes people have been present in only one locality (as much as 25)
  • They didn’t essentially dwell collectively, they usually have been discovered unfold all through the locality
  • Zalmoxes shqiperorum was named based mostly on an incomplete grownup specimen and a few referred fossils, after which later extra fossils have been assigned to Zalmoxes shqiperorum. Nonetheless, Brusatte and others stated it was exhausting to refer fossils to both species as a result of many fossils that have been discovered have been disarticulated and/or remoted, so exhausting to inform the place they belonged
  • Additionally, although the species have distinctive options, it’s exhausting to check them to shut kinfolk as a result of we don’t have the identical bones of these kinfolk to check them to. It’s additionally unclear if some variations between the species are due to particular person variation or ontogeny, and it’s doable there’s sexual dimorphism, as Nopcsa had advised
  • Brusatte et al. stated a complete revision of Zalmoxes “is turning into more and more obligatory” and that examine has begun, so for his or her paper they accepted that there are two species of Zalmoxes, and referred some specimens to every species
  • Described a number of people, most have been remoted bones
  • Described some enamel that have been bigger than the holotype of Zalmoxes, which “illustrate that Zalmoxes, or not less than Z. shqiperorum, might attain a fairly large dimension, though nonetheless a lot smaller than the rhabdodontid Rhabdodon priscus from Late Cretaceous faunas in Western Europe”
  • In 2022, Felix Augustin and others discovered two partial braincases beforehand regarded as Zalmoxes to truly be Telmatosaurus
  • To recap, there are two species: Zalmoxes robustus and Zalmoxes shqiperorum
  • Zalmoxes now, however first regarded as Mochlodon robustum
  • Described in 1899 by Franz Nopcsa (Nopcsa referred to Mochlodon, an ornithopod named by H.G. Seeley, present in Austria),
  • Referred to a part of the fabric as Mochlodon suessi and a part of it to Mochlodon robustum
  • Later, in 1915, stated Mochlodon will be the similar as Rhabdodon and that the variations have been from sexual dimorphism
  • Nopcsa in contrast the fossils with different ornithopods from Europe and North America (Camptosaurus) and located it to be just like Rhabdodon, present in France
  • In 1990 George Olshevsky corrected the identify to Rhabdodon robustus
  • Named by Weishampel and others in 2003 as Zalmoxes robustus (discovered sufficient variations)
  • Genus identify refers back to the Dacian deity Zalmoxis, who retreated in a crypt for 3 years to be resurrected on the fourth yr (just like how the fossils have been liberated)
  • Zalmoxes was additionally a slave of Pythagoras who traveled to Dacia and have become a deity
  • Species identify robustus refers to its strong construct
  • In 2003, one other species named Zalmoxes shqiperorum (for the Albanian identify for Albania)

Enjoyable Reality:

Comfortable world metrology day! (Might twentieth) If we used the T. rex Sue’s cranium to outline the size of 1 “cranium” unit, Ankylosaurus can be about 6–7 skulls lengthy & Apatosaurus can be about 15–16 skulls lengthy.

Thanks Patrons!

Your help means a lot to us and retains us going! In the event you’re a dinosaur fanatic, be a part of our rising group on Patreon at patreon.com/iknowdino

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *